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The Properties of Boron and How Its Used as an Alloying Agent

Are you looking for high-quality copper boron that can be easily mixed with other metals in order to create custom alloys? If you are, we offer 2 percent boron copper, which is a great degassifier, deoxifier and grain refiner.

Boron: Uses and Properties

Boron is a non-metallic element located in group 13, period 2, block P in the periodic table. For centuries, boron was solely procured as borax from Lake Yamdock Cho, which is located in Tibet, and used by goldsmiths as a flux material. Today, borax is used for everything from tile glazes to rocket fuel igniter.

While boron isn’t a metal, it is used to enhance the properties of other metals. Boron has an extremely high melting point between 4,000 to 42,000 degrees Fahrenheit. It does not react with oxygen or dissolve in water, and it does not react with acids unless acid is heated. For example, in its powdered form, boron will react with heated nitric acid and sulfuric acid. Boron also combines well with other metals, especially copper, when it is heated to high temperatures, and this is what makes boron a great alloying agent.

Boron as an Alloying Agent

Boron is often alloyed with copper in order to improve the casting quality of the copper metal, reduce gas holes, maximize electrical conductivity and improve fluidity in order to maximize the quality of the finished product.

Industries that Use the Most Copper

Copper is used primarily in building construction, electronics and electrical applications. These three industries make up about 62 percent of the global consumption of copper, according to The transportation industry uses 19 percent of the global copper supply, and consumer products and machinery industries use another 19 percent of the global copper supply.

Common Uses of Boron

Boron has the ability to remove impurities from various metals and eliminate metal oxide film, which is why boron is often added to welding fluxes.

  • Castings – When born is combined with other metals, like copper and nickel, it improves the casting properties and heat resistance of the finished product, which is ideal in creating machinery parts and consumer products.
  • Copper Wire – the addition of boron in copper wire increases the strength, heat resistance and electrical conductivity in copper wire, which is why boron copper is so popular in the electronics industry.
  • Welding Fluxes – One of the first uses of boron was as a welding flux, and it is still used as a welding flux today due to its corrosion resistant properties and ability to remove films of metal oxide.

Purchasing High-Quality Boron at Belmont Metals

Here at Belmont Metals, located in Brooklyn, we manufacture and sell 2 percent boron copper, which can be used to create copper alloys for various manufacturing processes, including for the electronics and construction industries. To learn more about our boron copper master alloy and to place an order, call us at 718-342-4900 or at 1-833-4-ALLOYS. We also now offer online ordering of all our metal products.